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Younes Nourbakhsh: Describing the whole world as "the age of Secularism" is wrong

The Head, Alborz Campus of University of Tehran said:" the Modern world is known as "the age of Secularism" but it is not reality to a great extent and a clearer definition of it has to be described. Perhaps the world of Secularism is more common in West than East."
Younes Nourbakhsh, sociologist, religion researcher and associate professor of Tehran University and the Dean Albourz Campus, in his speech under the title of "Fundamentals and Basics of Teaching Religions in Irans Society" which has been delivered today morning (Sep. 19th) on the second day of this round of Iran-Austria Interreligious Dialogue stated that describing the whole world as "the age of Secularism" was wrong.
He said: "While todays world or the modern world is known as "the age of Secularism", it is not reality to a great extent and a clearer definition of it has to be described. Maybe it is more meaningful in West than East. In the east of Islam, Confucius and Buddha, religion in its different forms exist in all parts of humans life and even it is regarded an identifying element. Teaching religion is also taken as an important issue in these societies."
In continuation, Nourbakhsh expressed some questions: "How does religion have to be taught? What is the purpose of its teaching? Is this only an answer to the principle of religious freedom that each person has to learn his religion? Or the purpose of learning it is a social principle which is teaching coexistence and patience in todays diversified world and becoming familiar with others religion to respect each other? Or the purpose is to reinforce each persons ideological bases and his traditionally religious identity?"
Then, he said: "Teaching religion in different societies according to their social and political systems underwent changes. In the past, in Irans old schools all those sciences were taught and those schools were not in harmony with schools of rural areas and old religious schools which were involved in educating religious scholars. From the view of late Shariati, Iranian sociologist, the common educational bases of the world are two basic philosophical tendencies of Socialism and Liberalism that in one of them the society is regarded noble and human shall fall victim and his freedoms are captured by the dominant ideology and in the Liberal society, hedonism and individualism are centralized and human is regarded mono-dimensional that is exchanged in markets like goods. Shariati considers the true educational system in a beyond-materialism philosophy and a Godly ideology."
He emphasized: "Today, educational systems do not decrease their most important mission to the level of simple and one-sided transferring and reproducing of knowledge and educational system supporting officially cultural support. They are factories for producing humans according to predetermined cultural and value frames."
He emphasized again that: "Religion has different functions and positions in different societies so its educational goals have to be followed according to different fundamentals, basics, and methods."
This religion researcher then by introducing some educational systems in different countries said: "Religious teachings in Italy are being followed for three purposes of theoretical learning of religious teachings, practical using of them in personal life and assisting the creation of the sense of socialization. In England, the schools are entitled to teach any religion they like such as Islam, Christianity, Judaism and so forth. Since old times, French schools are asked to place teaching religions in their programs. Teaching religion in Iran also underwent many changes. Today, at least there are four main religious references in Irans society. The clergymen and religious schools, media, families and official ministry of education. Unlike Europe, in Iran, besides official ministry of education, families are considered as important institutions in religious teachings."
This round of Dialogue by the Centre for Interreligious Dialogue and Civilizations of Islamic Culture and Relations Organization under the title of "Human, Nature and Freedom" is being held during Sep. 18th and 19th with the presence of Muslim and Christian scholars from Iran and Austria.

13:05 - 23/09/2017    /    Number : 686458    /    Show Count : 159

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