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ديالوگ 7، 1393 تاریخ ثبت : 1394/03/10
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نام مجله : ديالوگ 7، 1393
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Editorial

Introduction

Justice is a sacred concept or the most sacred concept that has always been the center of attention of the divine books and speeches of the divine prophets. In fact, negligence of justice would lead to emergence of oppression, which is a cardinal sin according to the holy Quran.

God the Almighty has commanded man to establish justice and to do good. The following two verses of the Quran are only two examples underlining the significance of justice: "Surely Allah enjoins the doing of justice and the doing of good..." (16:90); "O you who believe! be upright for Allah, bearers of witness with justice, and let not hatred of a people incite you not to act equitably; act equitably, that is nearer to piety, and be careful of (your duty to) Allah; surely Allah is aware of what you do." (5: 8).

Today, more than any other time, justice has drawn the attention of man, for injustice and capitalism are the root-cause of misery, poverty and several other problems that human beings face. Indeed, the capitalist system is after the interests of big companies and human beings are considered as tools in the service of the company interests.

The capitalists have fanned the flames of devastative wars, killing thousands and displacing millions, only to protect their own material interests and accumulate more wealth. The root of all these problems is diversion of the rulers and power wilders from the path of justice.
Due to this very reason, the Islamic Culture and Relations Organization's Center for Interreligious Dialogue and Vatican Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue in their preliminary session selected the following topic for their eight round of dialogue: "Justice in Viewpoints of Islam and Christianity".

The Eight Round of Dialogue was held in Vatican, Italy, in 2012, between the Muslim scholars from Iran Catholic Christian Scholars from Vatican.

During the three-day meeting valuable articles were presented by the Iranian Muslim and Vatican Christian delegates, indicating the will and determination of the two sides to gain more knowledge of, and introduce, the divine values and promote them in international community.

The Iranian Muslim scholars in their articles frequently referred to the verses of the holy Quran and traditions handed down from the Prophet of Islam as well as those from Imam Ali on the concept of justice which was welcomed by the participants.

The references included the following quotation from Imam Ali's Sermon 37 mentioned in the Nahj al-Balagha: "Justice is giving each his/her right he/she is entitled to, or lack of encroachment upon their rights."

Let's hope that the present articles of this edition of the Dialogue which focuses on individual and social justice as well as the concept and meaning of justice in viewpoints of Muslim and Christian thinkers will be useful for the honorable readers.

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